The Ukrainian State Land Cadastre will now use blockchain technology to control its registry of farmland. With this move, officials and experts hope to reduce the roots of corruption in the land sector, which is a key stipulation by the International Monetary Fund.
According to Maksym Martynyuk, First Deputy Agriculture Minister, Transparency International will be the international auditor of the project. According to the agency’s recent report, Ukraine ranks 131 in 176 countries on the corruption perception index.
The plan for an updated farmland registry was presented yesterday, October 3, by the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine in conjunction with the State E-Government Agency and the public organization, Transparency International Ukraine.
The government selected BitFury Group Ltd to build the platform for registering titles. The company is known in the industry for developing equipment for mining cryptocurrencies, and has a strong track record.
Mikhail Kukhar, the expert-economist and advisor of State Land Cadastre on the development of the land reform’s future architecture, commented:
“In the morning, with an Enter click, they killed the very basis of the raider business in the registry of farmland for centuries ahead, transferring it to the blockchain! Now the "black notaries" don’t even have a purely technical ability to move the land from farmers to raiders.”
Now, the State Registry of Farmland, a unified system tracking the lands and properties located within the state border of Ukraine, has registered 18 million 780 thousand land plots.
The public cadastral map is reviewed about 30 thousand times daily and the implementation of blockchain technology, according to the Agriculture ministers, will ensure reliable synchronization of data and make it impossible to substitute it as a result of external interference.
Alexander Ryzhenko, the head of the E-government Agency said:
“For our country, blockchain is an ideal tool for ensuring full transparency and unconditional public confidence in the database.”
It’s noteworthy that the registry of farmland became the second blockchain-based project in the public sector of Ukraine. In early September, the same technology was introduced to OpenMarket’s electronic trading with arrested property. Additionally, there are also plans for blockchain technology to be applied on the Register of Property Rights in Ukraine, by the end of 2018.